Saturday, June 11, 2011

Why People are Reluctant to give their Land for Development Work:

Land and house are very sensitive properties for an Indian. Indian gets sentimental when a house or land is required to be sold. No Indian wish to part with these properties. The other questions asked by affected persons are:-
1.      Whether I would get land for land?
2.      Whether I would get building for building?
3.      If I get land or house at which location?
4.      If I don't get land or building where do I stay and how I earn my livelihood?
5.      If I am required to sacrifice whether beneficiaries would sacrifice for me? And how?
6.      Is it possible to shift the development project to another location?
7.      Experience of others who sacrificed for development show that they are left unattended even after 30/40 years. Is there any guarantee I would not suffer in the same way?
8.      There may be a few who do not have to loose land (in the peripheral region) but they loose livelihood because forest go under water or they loose water source because they don't have adequate resources to fetch water for their fields.
9.      Always landless and homeless people are worst affected. Because they had no land they never have a hope to get land. Even land for shacks is denied to them. They loose their livelihood and cannot earn because they have no skills for other jobs.
10.  People not only are directly affected but indirectly too. Mostly some loose communication facilities even if they don't loose land. There may be some who would be affected by natural calamities on account of development works.

Sufferers cannot be blamed for not parting with their present land and building. Any sensible person shall be reluctant to part with existing property. If nation wants persons' sacrifice the nation (meaning beneficiaries) must also sacrifice for the sufferers. This is not a difficult problem. Solution is simple. The beneficiaries must sacrifice. Their partial sacrifice meaning a small part of land should be made available for the displaced persons, cost of building must be borne by the beneficiaries and help in earning livelihood is the minimum. 
Minimum following provisions must be made in the bill,
 1. Entire land should not be acquires only portion of land be taken. Suggested formula is 30% of land whose holding is over 5 Hectares in the area of land acquisition, 20% from those who hold 5 Hectares of land or less but more than 2 Hectares in the area, 10% from those who hold 2Hectares or less but over 1 Hectare and 5% if holding is 1 Hectare and below.
2. Acquired land should not be purchased but taken on lease with rent estimated every year on a fixed day say 1st of Oct. Formula to be used for fixing rent shall be value of land on 1st sept of that year multiplied by bank interest rate for 3 years deposits.
3. The rent shall be payable from the date of physical take over of the land.
4. A cooperative of land holders shall be formed and the rent shall be paid to the cooperative. Cooperative shall distribute this based on share holding by members.

5. Till such time the land is used for the purpose it is acquired the same shall be in joint custody of the cooperative and the local government. Local government should use the land for planting of big trees like Banayan, pipple and other local trees. The cooperative shall use this for small fruit trees like gauva, sitaphal, ramphal etc. which has not more than 5 years life. The government shall pay compensation to the society for fruit trees on the date of transfer of land.
6. If the government fails to use the land for the purpose of development same shall be returned back to land holders and the society should stop working after the last holder gets land.
7. The government shall not purchase land under any circumstances.

More details are available here

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