Wednesday, 5 February 2014

Changes needed in Town Planning:

मराठीतून वाचण्याकरिता खाली स्क्रोल करा
Town Planning is more than this
Presently town planning in India is improving. However there is a great scope for its improvement. Floor Space Index (FSI) control is considered as a magic stick for every problem/difficulties faced by citizens. More stress is given on acceptability by certain group of people. This group is considered as vote bank by politicians. What is needed is town planning should be for entire population and address every need however small it may be. Many examples could be given. These are washrooms for ladies and men, space for hawkers, bus stops for public transport buses, reliable and speedy public transport, and accommodation for people living in shacks, accommodation and care of senior citizens. To save space the list is trimmed here.  In order to ensure that each and every need of people is addressed a town planner must be given opportunity to contact people in every field to understand needs. This may be better performed by a team of people expert in conducting population surveys. They could be given a pre-prepared list of needs and asked gather details and additional needs if any. The additional needs found should be included and survey continued. This survey should continue till no more additional needs are found. This data should be used for town planning.

Irrigation of agricutural Land:

मराठीत वाचण्याकरिता खाली स्क्रोल करा.

So far it is considered that irrigation of land using dams and canals is the best. Agriculture scientists advise Sprinkler or Drip Irrigation to save water instead of surface irrigation. This is useful where floating solids in water are negligible. Present availability of water for irrigation is much less than rainfall as most of the water flows to sea. In Maharashtra State Konkan region is the best example to understand this. Total rainfall (almost entire rainfall is during June to August) is over 3 metres per annum. However during summer even drinking water is not available to villagers. Reason specified by government departments is, reasonably levelled area is not available for storage of rain water. In most of other parts in India tall dams are constructed for storage of water. However, none of the dams is big enough to store entire rainfall in catchment area. Such dams do force people to immigrate. Almost in every case, the government doesn’t take efforts to rehabilitate these people properly and speedily. Thus there is a reason to undertake research in modifying our irrigation system.

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